The human body requires six essential nutrients that are found in food – carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals and water.
These nutrients are vital since they provide energy and fuel for the body to regulate metabolic processes and build or repair tissues.
Carbohydrates provide energy for the brain, body functions and physical activity.
Protein plays an important role in the growth, development and maintenance of the body.
Contrary to popular belief, fat is very essential and should never be eliminated from the diet.
Fibre is a form of carbohydrates found naturally in plants. Fibre is found mainly in fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds and whole grains, and does not contain calories.
Vitamins are essential micronutrients your body needs to function properly. There are a total of 13 vitamins, which are divided into two groups – water-soluble and fat-soluble.
There are many necessary minerals for normal body function; some are called macrominerals and others, trace minerals.
Antioxidants prevent the oxidation of other molecules and repair cell damage caused by free radicals. They can be found as vitamins, minerals or phytochemicals.
Probiotics are live bacteria, similar to the friendly bacteria found naturally in your gut.
Do you really need to take dietary supplements to boost your health?